Protests have erupted in Paris and around France over President Emmanuel Macron's decision to force a bill raising the retirement age from 62 to 64 through parliament without a vote.
Thousands of people have taken to the streets in a second day of nationwide demonstrations.
Macron ordered the special constitutional power known as Article 49.3 to push through the pension reform without a vote, sparking criticism and anger from opposition parties, labor unions, and citizens.
The bill has been met with widespread resistance due to concerns that it will lead to people working longer and receiving lower pensions.
In Paris, protesters disrupted traffic with police using pepper spray against some young protesters near Sorbonne University.
Students across the country have also walked out of lectures.
The French Interior Minister reported that 310 people were arrested in protests the day before.
Opposition parties are expected to initiate a no-confidence vote on the government.
However, according to the AP News, Macron "appears likely to be able to survive" the vote.
Despite the protests, Macron defended the decision, stating, "I am not hiding, what we are doing is right.
" He argues that the pension reform is necessary to address financial imbalances in the current system, and that under his plan, pensions will increase for those who worked the longest.
However, the move has been widely criticized by opposition parties, who are questioning his use of Article 49.3 to bypass a vote on the bill.
Labor unions have also threatened to organize strikes.